It’s significant for counter-extremism experts to understand the rise and fall of Syed Qutb’s influence, and the role of Shaikh Al-Madkhali in exposing Qutb’s Islamist ideology.
Syed Qutb, an influential Egyptian Islamist thinker and writer, left a significant impact on the development of modern Islamist ideologies.
His Qur’anic exegesis, ‘az-Ẓilāl’, once held the status of being the most widely produced and distributed book in the field of tafsir, surpassing all other works combined.
During his time, it seemed as though no one dared to critique or question his interpretations. However, the narrative around Syed Qutb has undergone a profound examination, largely due to the efforts of Shaikh Rabi al-Madkhali.
It’s significant for counter-extremism experts to understand the rise and fall of Syed Qutb’s influence, and the role of Shaikh Al-Madkhali in exposing Qutb’s Islamist ideology., and the current state of discourse surrounding these two prominent figures within the Muslim community.
The Ascendance of Syed Qutb
Syed Qutb (1906-1966) was an Egyptian writer, thinker, and prominent member of the Muslim Brotherhood. His work, particularly his Qur’anic commentary ‘az-Ẓilāl,’ gained immense popularity in the mid-20th century. The reason behind this widespread acceptance can be attributed to the political and social context of the time.
Many Muslims in the Arab world were grappling with colonialism, authoritarian rule, and a perceived decline in Islamic values. Syed Qutb’s writings resonated with those who sought a return to what they perceived as “pure” Islamic ideals.
‘Az-Ẓilāl’, which translates to “In the Shade of the Quran”, was a multi-volume tafṣīr in which Syed Qutb offered his interpretation of the Quranic text.
His approach was deeply influenced by his experiences in the United States and his subsequent critique of Western society. He argued for a radical transformation of Muslim societies, advocating for the establishment of Islamic states ruled by sharia law.
The Cult of Silence Around Syed Qutb
During the peak of Syed Qutb’s influence, a veil of silence enveloped many Muslim scholars and activists who refrained from openly critiquing or questioning his interpretations of Islam.
This hush had its roots in a complex blend of factors, including a genuine fear of reprisals from Qutb’s fervent supporters and a deep-seated apprehension that any challenge to his ideas could be perceived as undermining the broader Islamist movement.
It wasn’t until scholars like Shaikh Rabi’ al-Madkhali and others began to critically engage with Qutb’s ideas that a more open discourse emerged, reshaping the narrative surrounding his so-called legacy within contemporary Islamic thought.
The Rise of Shaikh Rabi al-Madkhali
Shaikh Rabi Bin Hadi Bin Umayr al-Madkhali (born 1933), a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar and a leading figure in the Salafi movement, played a pivotal role in challenging and exposing Syed Qutb’s work.
His scholarly journey led him to question Qutb’s ideas, particularly those that advocated for violent revolution and the establishment of an Islamic state through force.
Shaikh Rabi’ emphasized the importance of adhering to a more traditional interpretation of Islam and critiqued Qutb’s deviation from orthodox beliefs.
Shaikh Rabi’s critiques of Qutb were grounded in rigorous scholarship and a commitment to preserving the integrity of Islamic theology. He sought to expose the flaws in Qutb’s thinking and to clarify the misunderstandings that had arisen from his writings.
The Transformation of the Discourse
Shaikh Rabi’s efforts to challenge Qutb’s ideas gradually gained traction within the Muslim scholarly community. His approach encouraged scholars and intellectuals to critically assess Qutb’s writings and the consequences of his ideology.
Over time, many scholars, including those within the broader Islamist movement, began to distance themselves from Qutb’s more radical ideas.
The impact of Shaikh Rabi’s work is reflected in the reluctance of Qutb’s followers to mention his name or openly discuss his ideas. This shift in discourse is indicative of the changing perceptions of Qutb’s legacy within contemporary Muslim thought.
The efforts of Shaikh Rabi’ al-Madkhali and other scholars have led to a reevaluation of Qutb’s ideas and their compatibility with traditional Islamic theology. While Qutb’s writings continue to have an impact on various strands of political Islam, his influence has waned considerably, and his ideas have been met with critical scrutiny.