Gaza (Reuters) – Palestinians in Gaza will scale back protests along the fortified border with Israel, factions in the strip said on Thursday, in a sign of a lasting detente between Israel and Gaza’s Islamist rulers Hamas along the volatile frontier.
For nearly 20 months, Palestinians have held weekly demonstrations dubbed the “Great March of Return”, which have often turned violent as people throw rocks and firebombs at Israeli troops who respond by shooting with live fire.
Gaza medical officials say 214 Palestinians have been killed since the Friday protests began in March 2018. In that period, an Israeli soldier was shot dead by a Palestinian sniper on the border during the demonstrations.
However, the protests have tapered off in recent months. Analysts attribute the decline to diplomatic efforts by Egypt, Qatar and the United Nations to fend off a wider escalation between Israel and Hamas.
The Higher National Committee, a collection of Gaza-based factions and civil society organisations which organise the protests, said there will be a protest this Friday but that demonstrations thereafter would be held monthly and on national occasions.
The protesters have called for an end to a security blockade imposed on Gaza by Israel and Egypt, and for Palestinians to have the right to return to land from which their families fled or were forced to flee during Israel’s 1948 founding.
Israel rejects any such return, saying that would eliminate its Jewish majority.
Israel seized Gaza in a 1967 war and pulled out its settlers and troops in 2005. It says its blockade is necessary to stop weapons reaching Hamas, which fought three wars with Israel and fired thousands of rockets at it in the past decade.